Vorph "ги́ря" Valknut
24. Psychologists use the term “socialization” to designate
the process by which children are trained to think
and act as society demands. A person is said to be well
socialized if he believes in and obeys the moral code of
his society and fits in well as a functioning part of that
society. It may seem senseless to say that many leftists are
over-socialized, since the leftist is perceived as a rebel. Nevertheless,
the position can be defended. Many leftists are
not such rebels as they seem.
25. The moral code of our society is so demanding that
no one can think, feel and act in a completely moral way.
For example, we are not supposed to hate anyone, yet
almost everyone hates somebody at some time or other,
whether he admits it to himself or not. Some people are
so highly socialized that the attempt to think, feel and
act morally imposes a severe burden on them. In order
to avoid feelings of guilt, they continually have to deceive
themselves about their own motives and find moral explanations
for feelings and actions that in reality have a
nonmoral origin. We use the term “oversocialized” to describe
26. Oversocialization can lead to low self-esteem, a
sense of powerlessness, defeatism, guilt, etc. One of the
most important means by which our society socializes
children is by making them feel ashamed of behavior or
speech that is contrary to society’s expectations. If this is
overdone, or if a particular child is especially susceptible
to such feelings, he ends by feeling ashamed of HIMSELF.
Moreover the thought and the behavior of the oversocialized
person are more restricted by society’s expectations
than are those of the lightly socialized person. The majority
of people engage in a significant amount of naughty
behavior. They lie, they commit petty thefts, they break
traffic laws, they goof off at work, they hate someone, they
say spiteful things or they use some underhanded trick to
get ahead of the other guy. The oversocialized person cannot
do these things, or if he does do them he generates
in himself a sense of shame and self-hatred. The oversocialized
person cannot even experience, without guilt,
thoughts or feelings that are contrary to the accepted morality;
he cannot think “unclean” thoughts. And socialization
is not just a matter of morality; we are socialized to
conform to many norms of behavior that do not fall under
the heading of morality. Thus the oversocialized person is
kept on a psychological leash and spends his life running
on rails that society has laid down for him. In many oversocialized
people this results in a sense of constraint and
powerlessness that can be a severe hardship. We suggest
that oversocialization is among the more serious cruelties
that human being inflict on one another.
27. We argue that a very important and influential segment
of the modern left is oversocialized and that their
oversocialization is of great importance in determining
the direction of modern leftism. Leftists of the oversocialized
type tend to be intellectuals or members of the
upper-middle class. Notice that university intellectuals
constitute the most highly socialized segment of our society
and also the most leftwing segment.
28. The leftist of the oversocialized type tries to get off
his psychological leash and assert his autonomy by rebelling.
But usually he is not strong enough to rebel against
the most basic values of society. Generally speaking, the
goals of today’s leftists are NOT in conflict with the accepted
morality. On the contrary, the left takes an accepted
moral principle, adopts it as its own, and then accuses
mainstream society of violating that principle. Examples:
racial equality, equality of the sexes, helping poor people,
peace as opposed to war, nonviolence generally, freedom
of expression, kindness to animals. More fundamentally,
the duty of the individual to serve society and the duty
of society to take care of the individual. All these have
been deeply rooted values of our society (or at least of its
middle and upper classes for a long time. These values
are explicitly or implicitly expressed or presupposed
in most of the material presented to us by the mainstream
communications media and the educational system.
Leftists, especially those of the oversocialized type, usually
do not rebel against these principles but justify their hostility
to society by claiming (with some degree of truth)
that society is not living up to these principles.
2ª Parte, aqui.
1º Parte, aqui.